The word dregs is actually a bit of brewing terminology.  The dictionary defines it thusly:

The remnants of a liquid left in a container, together with any sediment or grounds.

After the yeast have completed primary fermentation, they settle down on the bottom, producing a thick mud.  The goal of racking to secondary or to the keg is to get your beer off this mud comprised of yeast cells, before it ruins the flavor.   The last bit of beer out of the fermenter presents a bit of a dilemma.  You can do one of two things with it:

  1. Dump it, in which case you lose about a quart of beer.
  2. Drink it, in which case you’ll find out the next day that yeast is a natural laxative.  Yeast are good for you otherwise, though, and have some helpful nutrients.

Tonight I’m opting to drink the dregs.  If you really wanted to be gross you could drink it after swishing up the sediment off the bottom, but I doubt most would have the stomach for that.  As it is, with a highly floctuating yeast, you can pour a fairly clear glass off of the sediment on the bottom.

Two for the Keg

I’m having to rack two ales into the kegs tonight.  The first is the Bitter Bitch American IPA that was made several weeks ago.  It’s ready to be put into the keg, carbonated, and served.  I’m also having to do Joy’s Birthday Stout, which is really just from an extract oatmeal stout kit.   I told her I’d make her a stout for her birthday, which is next weekend, but I didn’t have a whole day to make a beer from malted grain, so I had to cheat and use extract.  It’ll really need to condition for another two weeks in the secondary keg, so if she’s intent on drinking it next weekend, it’ll taste kind of rough.

After this, I think it’ll be time to try a lager.  I think I’m up for it.

You Have To Consider Local Standards

Apparently Corzine is out of the hospital.  He had this to say:

“I set a very bad example,” said a contrite Mr. Corzine, who broke his left femur and 11 ribs in the accident, speaking from a wheelchair just outside Cooper University Hospital in Camden, N.J.

His voice breaking with emotion, he added: “I hope the state will forgive me. I will work very hard to set the right kind of example.”

Here at Snowflakes in Hell, we have a loathing distaste for the politics of Governor Corzine, but we’re glad he’s OK, nonetheless, and hope he makes a speedy recovery (no pun intended).  Oh, but wait:

No one in the motorcade used emergency lights, as his driver had been doing at the time of the accident. They kept to a pace of about 70 miles per hour, even though the posted limit is 55 on the stretch of Interstate 295 that leads to Drumthwacket, the governor’s official mansion in Princeton, where Mr. Corzine will spend the next stage of his recovery.

Doing 70 in a 55 eh?   Well, I guess by New Jersey standards that’s really sane driving.  Doing 55 anywhere in Jersey would generally make you a traffic hazard.

Pennsylvania Governor Rendell got into a bit of hot water for having his motorcade do 100MPH down the PA turnpike between Philadelphia and Harrisburg.  It gave new meaning to his nickname “Fast Eddie”.  No news since on whether the Governor has slowed it down.  I suspect after Corzine’s trouble, he has.

More From Penn State

Reader Nathaniel points to conflicting reports from both CenterDaily and The Collegian, about a man arrested on campus for weapons possession. First CenterDaily:

A Penn State student remained in jail Sunday night after arriving at an on-campus concert with three weapons, including a gun, and fighting with police as they tried to investigate.

Just before midnight Saturday, university police said they were advised a man in the crowd at the Movin’ On concert on the HUB lawn was carrying a firearm.

As officers approached the man — later identified by police as Isaiah R. Houston, age unavailable, of 137 Creekside Drive, College Township — a struggle immediately ensued, said university police Lt. Bill Moerschbacher.

Houston, who police said was drunk at the time, was carrying an expandable baton and a knife, Moerschbacher said. But the weapons were brandished, he said.

“As it turns out, the firearm was lawfully owned,” he said. “He had a carry permit.”

The charge is carrying prohibited offensive weapons, not carrying of a concealed firearm. The relevant statute is here. Basically the list of prohibited weapons is as follows:

Any bomb, grenade, machine gun, sawed-off shotgun with a barrel less than 18 inches, firearm specially made or specially adapted for concealment or silent discharge, any blackjack, sandbag, metal knuckles, dagger, knife, razor or cutting instrument, the blade of which is exposed in an automatic way by switch, push-button, spring mechanism, or otherwise, or other implement for the infliction of serious bodily injury which serves no common lawful purpose.

My guess is, depending on the knife, they are charging him with the expandable baton. It is an exception to this part of the statute that the actor was in compliance with the National Firearms Act, so your NFA stamp makes you legal for some of them. It’s important for Pennsylvanians to note that the LTC covers only firearms. It’s legal to carry certain types of knives, but others are illegal. Must bludgeons are also illegal.

From the collegian:

Moerschbacher said Houston did not take out the firearm before or during the struggle.

“He didn’t threaten anyone with the firearm or anything,” he said. “The struggle is really what precipitated that arrest and discovering the other items.”

Jameela Truman, director of Movin’ On, said she witnessed the arrest.

She said she felt threatened by the event, but the police “fully handled the situation.”

Possessing a firearm is illegal on campus, Moerschbacher said. However, he said if the handgun is legally registered, police will ask the owner to leave or surrender the gun to the police. If the handgun is illegal, police will arrest the possessor, he said.

Either the Penn State paper got it wrong, or Moerschbacher is misrepresenting the law here. It is not against the law to possess a firearm on the campus of a University if you’re in possession of a License to Carry Firearms. But they do state the charges here:

Isaiah R. Houston, 137 Creekside Drive, was charged with public drunkenness, resisting arrest and possessing prohibited offensive weapons.

They don’t mention here that he’s being charged with unlawfully carrying a concealed firearm, which tells me that he probably does indeed have an LTC, which he will now lose. His carrying the firearm on university property was not illegal. That said, Houston is clearly a bozo, and is someone who ought not have a license. He’ll lose his, and I’m not going to shed a tear for him, because:

  1. He was carrying his firearm while he was intoxicated
  2. He fought with police when they asked him to leave school property.
  3. He was carrying other weapons which are not covered under the LTC, and were illegal.
  4. He allowed someone to spot his weapon. In my five years of carrying a firearm, I’ve never had anyone notice I was carrying one.

It is for certain that the Penn State Campus Police can’t arrest someone from carrying a concealed firearm unlawfully if the carry on campus while in possession of a valid LTC. But Penn State Campus Police policy has always been to remove anyone from campus found in possession of a firearm. The state’s preemption statute prevents political subdivisions of the state from making rules more strict than the laws of the state, but I don’t know whether Penn State is allowed to exercise its powers as a property holder. I suspect this is a legal gray area.

Unless the legislature wants to clarify this, or the courts make a decision on it, if you’re carrying on campus at a university in Pennsylvania, it’s best to be discrete, and if the police ask you to leave campus, to do so.

UPDATE: Follow the links in the comments. It seems Houston claims he was not, in fact, drunk, and that the Penn State Police basically used physical force to detain him. He is indeed charged with carrying the baton. I don’t know case law to know whether or not this is against the law. The law names several bludgeons by name, but has the catch all at the end. It’s advisable that people be careful about carrying non-firearm weapons.  Yes, it’s ridiculous, but that’s because there’s a better gun lobby than a bludgeon lobby.

No Bias Here, Please Move Along

SAF is calling on ABC to bar Sam Donaldson from reporting on gun issues for ABC news.  Why?:

The Second Amendment Foundation today sent a letter to ABC News President David Westin, asking that reporter Sam Donaldson be barred from ever again reporting on gun rights issues, because he is serving as master of ceremonies at a fund-raiser for the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence.Donaldson is hosting the event May 15 in Washington, D.C. His appearance, said SAF founder Alan Gottlieb, reinforces the opinion of this nation’s gun owners that ABC and its reporters for the most part share an anti-gun philosophy.

But apparently we’re all paranoid gun nuts when we say the media has it in for gun owners.  Nope, no bias here!

A Pennsylvania Lesson

Jeff Soyer, who it looks like is a Pennsylvania gun blogger for today, also points out this Penn State Collegian article, by someone who I’m guessing is from my area:

Police rely heavily on databases when looking into gun ownership. Under the new bill, police would be forced to directly contact gun manufacturers in order to obtain gun ownership information. Time is a critical component when investigating crimes, especially those involving guns.

Registries are records of legal gun ownership. Are the gang members shooting it out on the streets of Philadelphia are registering their guns with police? I’m curious exactly how much the writer of this editorial knows about Pennsylvania law and the motivations for pushing this bill forward? It’s been in the making since the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ruled that the state law prohibiting registration of firearms within the Commonwealth didn’t actually mean what it said, and that the state police were fine with keeping a record of every gun sold within the commonwealth going back many years. There isn’t supposed to be a registry, yet the state has a record of every pistol I own, which can be obtained by punching my name into a database. Sound like a registry to you? Sounds like one to me.

According to philly.com, since the beginning of this year, Philadelphia has reported 136 homicides — more than New York City, a much larger metropolis. It’s more important than ever that police have an easily accessible record of gun owners.

Philadelphia has among the lowest rates of legal gun ownership in the Commonwealth, yet it has among the highest crime rate. Take Philadelphia out of the equation and Pennsylvania’s crime rates are roughly similar to Western Europe, yet the rest of the state is absolutely armed to the teeth, and issues more than 600,000 licenses to carry firearms. That’s 600,000 or more Pennsylvanians that have a license to carry a loaded handgun on their person in public, and all but 32,000 of them are outside of Philadelphia. It would seem to be that Philadelphia has a criminal problem, because if it was the guns, the rest of the state would be swimming in rivers of blood.

The concept of domestic violence became all too apparent in Centre County on April 8 when Benjamin Barone, 35, of Williamsport, lured his estranged wife to a Sheetz near Mill Hall and shot her, then killed himself. Jodi Barone, 36, of State College, had come to meet her husband where she expected to exchange custody of their three-year-old daughter.

It is a tragedy that Jodi Barone’s life was cut short because of a poor decision by her husband.

However, more lenient gun laws would not have helped the situation and will not aid other cases of domestic dispute.

And more strict gun laws would not have helped either. The guy was willing to murder someone. Do you think he would care whether he had a license to carry his gun?

Responsible gun owners understand they have no reason to worry about the government knowning about their firearms.

Ask responsible gun owners in New York whether they had anything to worry about when the city went around using their registration database to confiscate legally held and licensed firearms when they decided to make them illegal. Ask folks in California who had the same thing happen to them. I can point to a case of someone I’m familiar with in Pennsylvania who was involved in a self-defense incident and had his firearms confiscated by the Philadelphia police, who, last I checked, had still not returned them as they were legally required to do after charges were dropped. How did they know he had more guns? The registry the state police have been illegally keeping.

Talk to gun owners in our state sometime, before jumping to conclusions about what we do and don’t need to worry about.

It Doesn’t Work Here Dude

Bob Mitchell of Delaware Online, an NRA member, thinks private sales ought to be banned.   I presume he’s speaking of Delaware, because Pennsylvania already ban private sales of handguns.  Do you know what the criminals in Philadelphia seem to have no trouble getting?   If Delaware passes this, the impact on crime, I predict, to be absolutely zero.

Hat tip to Jeff Soyer

Tax Freedom Day – When are you free?

It’s tax freedom day for a lot of us today. Looks like Pennsylvania’s tax freedom day was last Friday. Bitter’s is today! Washington D.C. still has to work 13 more days to their tax freedom. New Jersey has 11. People in Tennessee were free 15 days ago. Most heavily taxed states?

  1. Connecticut (May 20)
  2. New York (May 16)
  3. New Jersey (May 10)
  4. Vermont (May 9)
  5. Rhode Island (May 9)
  6. Nevada (May 8 )
  7. California (May 7)
  8. Washington (May 6)
  9. Massachusetts (May 6)
  10. Minnesota (May 4)

Least heavily taxed states:

  1. Oklahoma (April 12)
  2. Alabama (April 12)
  3. Mississippi (April 13)
  4. Alaska (April 13)
  5. Tennessee (April 15)
  6. New Mexico (April 15)
  7. Louisiana (April 16)
  8. South Dakota (April 16)
  9. Texas (April 19)
  10. Idaho (April 19)

Pennsylvania appears to be slightly below the average rate of taxation. There’s a handy map, if you follow the link.

Hat tip to Instapundit

Good Advise

Clayton Cramer reminds us:

If You Have a Concealed Carry Permit For Your State

You should feel obligated to be carrying at all times right now. The media attention to the Virginia Tech massacre–and now this tragedy in Kansas City–is going to put ideas into people who may have been thinking homicidal/suicidal thoughts. Protect yourself, your loved ones, and the general public.

He’s right.

People Who Need Lives

Apparently they are trying to ban leaf blowers in Lower Merion Township:

The source is a group whose name is a virtual declaration of war. The 30 members of the Lower Merion Citizens for Action Against Leaf Blowers are crusading for a township prohibition the likes of which the region – indeed, most of the country this side of California – has never seen.

They’re pressing the Lower Merion commissioners for an ordinance setting a maximum level of 65 decibels for leaf blowers used commercially in the township. (The average is about 75 decibels, which is actually 10 times louder.)

And – the doozy of the demands – they want to restrict contractors’ use of even the muzzled models to 21/2 months a year, from Oct. 1 to Dec. 15.

The rest of the time, yard cleanup “should be performed silently, with a rake,” said Bradford Whitman of Wynnewood, a 62-year-old environmental lawyer and the group’s founder.

Just so you know, this is part of Philadelphia’s main line, where not many people do their own landscaping. I can sympathize with the annoyance of getting woken up by a leaf blower; it’s happened to me many times. But you know, you live with it. It’s part of having neighbors. If I lived next to this douche, I would make sure to be out every morning with the loudest leaf blower I could get my hands on, just to piss this guy off.

I’m hoping Lower Marion Township will have more sense than to listen to this guy. I’d bet money that Braford Whitman is just a deranged green who wants to see less carbon consuming leaf blowers in use, and more carbon consuming landscapers with rakes. What does it matter anyway? It’s not like the residents will be out there with the rakes. Nope. Plenty of illegal immigrants to do that dirty work!

UPDATE: Susan, who I’m guessing is from the township in question, has a great comment below.